Himalayan Tourism In Nepal

Introduction:

Tourism:

 According to UNWTO, “Tourism comprises the activities of persons traveling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business, and other purposes.

Tourism Product:

 The sum of physical and psychological satisfaction which the tourists derived during their course of the visit is known as Tourism Products. It includes everything the tourist’s purchases, sees, experiences and feels from start until he returns to his residence.

CHARACTERISTICS  OF TOURISM PRODUCT

Some characteristics of tourism products are:

1. Intangible: Cannot be inspected before purchases.

2. Immobile: Cannot be carried or taken home.

3. Perishable: Cannot be stored or sold.

4. Risky: For both the host and visitor but depends upon the situations.

5. Inflexible: Cannot be changed according to the demands.

6. Seasonal, Psychological, absence of ownership unstable demand, etc.

Major tourism products in Nepal:

Adventure aspect: Mountaineering, trekking, hiking, rafting, jungle safari, bunji jumping,  rock climbing, paragliding, etc.

Socio-cultural aspect: language, ethnicity, lifestyle, art, culture, festival, dress, dance, folk music, musical instrument, food and cuisine, temples like Pashupatinath, Muktinath, buddha stupa, etc.

Natural aspect: pleasant climate, monsoon rainfall, Himalayas, scenery, peaks, National parks, Wildlife reserves, Hunting reserve, Endangered species, etc.

Major tourism products in the Himalayan belt of Nepal:

   The Himalayan belt mainly comprises of mountains, alpine pasture, and temperate forests. Eight of the fourteen highest mountains lies in this region. This belt is the region of vivid colors and contrast and has a broad range of attractions and activities.

Mountains/peaks:

Mt. Everest(8848m), Mt. Kanchenjunga, Mt. Annapurna, Mt. lothse, Mt. Choyou, Mt. Dhaulagiri, Mt. Manaslu, etc are the major peaks.

Protected/ Conservation Areas:

Khaptad NP, Sagarmatha NP, Shey phoksundo NP, Langtang NP, Manaslu CA, Kanchenjunga CA, ACAP.

Lakes:

Tilicho Lake(4919m), Gosaikunda(4380m) , Rara, Shey Phoksundo(3611.5m), Gokyo, Namtso Lake (4710m).

Cultural  and religious product

Teji festival;

 the renowned  festival of upper Mustang

also called Chasing of demons

Mani Rimdu;

sacred ceremonies are the festival of the Sherpa community celebrated in the Everest region (Tengboche Monastery).

Yrthung;

 celebrated in upper Manang and Mustang.

 famous for horse racing.

Losar, Tamu de, etc.

 Religious Product

 Muktinath, Gosaikunda, etc

Adventure Tourism:

  Trekking in the Annapurna circuit,

  Panoramic flight over Himalayas,

  Biking to Muktinath,

  Mount Everest Helicopter tour

 Camping at Everest base camp, Annapurna Base Camp

 Poon hill trek ,Manaslu trek, Mardi trek,

 Mountaineering,

 Thorung La Pass (5416m) is the highest pass to witness in a lifetime.

Prospects and opportunities

High altitude Sports:

Though there is a high altitude training center in Timing, Manang, it is not so functional

Honey Hunting:

 The activity of indigenous people for their livelihood can be developed as a unique tourism product.

Ice Skating:

  The ice sport has a huge possibility of uplifting the country’s economy through foreign payment.

Rock climbing :

Major prospect

  Problems:

Lack of promotion and advertisement.

Political instability.

In secured hosts and visitors.

Poor infrastructure.

Lack of awareness.

Conclusion:

Himalayas belt is actually blessed with thrilling adventurous tourists activities. If the management and policies are made strong the tourism can be enhanced to the next level only from this area. The governmental sector should rather priorities the tourism sector and invest in them wisely.  The Himalayan belt is a heaven for the pleasure seekers who want to see the purest form of natural beauty.

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