Nan Tien is the branch temples of the Taiwanese Fo Guang Shan Buddhist order. It has over 120 branches worldwide. Founded in 1967 by Hsing Yun, The temple is one of the largest Buddhist temples in the southern hemisphere.
It is constructed under the auspices of the Mahayana Buddhist organization known as Fo Guang Shan. Which is completed in 1995. The followers strive to bring Buddhism into daily life and describe their philosophy as “Humanistic Buddhism“.
The site of the Australian branch’s temple is reputedly chosen due to its proximity to Mount Kembla, which is said to have an auspicious resemblance to a recumbent lion. It overlooks both Mount Keira and Mount Kembla. The land is donated by the Australian government.
The Nan Tien complex is built using modern architectural techniques. It is the Chinese-styled palace structure. The Australian architects, Jones Brewster Regan built this with Australian construction workers. It occupies a semi-rural hillside site several square kilometers in size and is set amidst landscaped gardens.
The various meeting rooms, a museum, cultural, conference, accommodation facilities, and a restaurant are added to this. The two massive prayer halls (known as the Great Mercy Shrine and the Great Hero Hall) are included by the complex. An eight-level pagoda, serving as a columbarium intended to house the cremated remains of 7000 people is included.
The temple is one of Australia’s major tourist attractions and conducts regular weekend retreats for visitors interested in Buddhism in general, and Chinese culture in particular. Retreats can involve classes in meditation.
For retreat participants of the general public is available at, a 100-room motel-style facility located in the temple grounds ahead to its large lotus pond.
It is regarded as an oldest and most famous Buddhist temple by local Chinese Buddhists, in contrast with some other shrines which worship Buddhist, Taoist, and mystical heroes in the same building. It frequently hosts festivals.